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Sustainable utilization of natural resources for improved food security – Component: Amhara region

The SUN approach in Amhara covered three main aspects: (i) organizational development of land user communities and of their institutional and legal framework (ii) conservation of soil and water resources through physical and biological watershed treatment and (iii) innovative agricultural produce, implements or income sources (e.g., triticale, improved plough).

ECO’s accomplishment was based on capacity building and organizational development. To ensure holistic development of watershed management, facilitation and training were provided to local communities promoting technical (bio-physical) and organizational issues. The technical training comprised nursery establishment, gully and terrace stabilization, spring development, irrigation dams, afforestation, enrichment planting and access roads. To this end the communities were familiarized with appropriate land use mapping, participatory planning procedures as well as drafting appropriate watershed management by-laws.

Organizing and empowering communities to take watershed development into their hands required that a representative body (watershed association) be institutionalized as a legal person mandated to set up a binding and enforceable bylaw for natural resource use.In addition the introduction and dissemination of Triticale has been an efficient way of bringing about production and productivity increases and thus improving household income and household food supplies.

Holistic watershed management helped secure agricultural productivity.

Results (forest-related):
• More than 50 thousand households increased their income by over 10% through cultivation of triticale.
• 18 watershed associations have been institutionalized and are acting according to respective by-laws coming into force.
• District administrations were provided with software to facilitate planning and monitoring of jointly implemented watershed management projects with user groups.

Time span Commissioning body    
2004-2007 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
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